Canine & Feline Vaccinations


Vaccines: What diseases are you protecting against?


Rabies is a highly fatal virus that attacks the central nervous system. It is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals and humans. Rabies is a zoonotic disease – meaning it can be passed from animals to humans. Approximately 50,000 people die each year from rabies with the highest risk of infection coming from dogs infected with the virus. Rabies Vaccines are required by the State of Virginia.

Distemper – a highly contagious virus that is fatal in 80% of puppies and about 50% in adult dogs. It affects the respiratory, gastrointestinal and central nervous systems.
Hepatitis – a virus that affects the liver, eyes and kidneys and can be fatal.
Parainfluenza – a virus that affects the upper respiratory system, it is rarely fatal unless secondary illnesses, such as pneumonia, develop.
Parvovirus – a highly contagious virus that is spread from dog to dog. It affects the cardiac or intestinal systems and is fatal more often in puppies than adult dogs.

Lepto is a bacterial disease that attacks the kidneys. It is transmitted through contact from other dogs and wildlife (squirrels, raccoons, skunks) . Like Rabies, it is a zoonotic disease – it can be passed to humans as well.

Bordetella is an airborne bacteria that affects the respiratory system. It is also easily passed from one dog to another. A Bordetella vaccine is usually required at grooming, boarding, and doggy day care facilities. Dog Parks and obedience training facilities may also require this vaccine.

Lyme Disease is a bacteria disease that affects the kidneys, joints and neurological systems. Lyme vaccines are highly recommended in any area that has ticks present. Ticks are a major problem in the State of Virginia.

Feline Distemper (Panleukopenia)
 is a highly contagious airborne virus that affects the intestinal tract and bone marrow and is often fatal. Feline Distemper can also be spread by direct contact with other infected animals as well as in areas where other infected animals have been.
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR)/Feline Calicivirus (FCV) are highly contagious viruses that affect the respiratory systems as well as ulcers in the mouth, tongue and throat. These diseases can be fatal.
Chlamydia Psittaci is a bacteria that also affects the respiratory system, although it is a less common type of respiratory disease it can increase the severity of FVR or FCV infections.


Feline Leukemia is a highly fatal viral disease. It is the leading cause of death from infectious disease. Feline Leukemia is transmitted by direct contact with infected cats or by use of food dishes or litter boxes used by other infected cats. The virus inhibits a cat’s ability to fight off any disease making it susceptible to a variety of other diseases.

FIV is a virus that also attacks the immune system, resulting in chronic secondary infections of the respiratory, gastrointestinal, urinary systems as well as skin problems. Various types of cancer may also develop as a result fro FIV.

Canine influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease that is caused by canine influenza virus Type A. There are currently two known strains in the United States: CIV H3N8 and H3N2. Most unvaccinated dogs are susceptible to infection by both viruses. It is also important to note canine influenza is not seasonal like the human flu.